tldextract accurately separates the gTLD or ccTLD (generic or country code top-level domain) from the registered domain and subdomains of a URL. For example, say you want just the 'google' part of 'http://www.google.com'. Everybody gets this wrong. Splitting on the '.' and taking the last 2 elements goes a long way only if you're thinking of simple e.g. .com domains. Think parsing http://forums.bbc.co.uk for example: the naive splitting method above will give you 'co' as the domain and 'uk' as the TLD, instead of 'bbc' and 'co.uk' respectively.