The sparse-map library is a C++ implementation of a memory efficient hash map and hash set. It uses open-addressing with sparse quadratic probing. The goal of the library is to be the most memory efficient possible, even at low load factor, while keeping reasonable performances. You can find an article of Stephen Merity which explains the idea behind google::sparse_hash_map and this project. Four classes are provided: tsl::sparse_map, tsl::sparse_set, tsl::sparse_pg_map and tsl::sparse_pg_set. The first two are faster and use a power of two growth policy, the last two use a prime growth policy instead and are able to cope better with a poor hash function. Use the prime version if there is a chance of repeating patterns in the lower bits of your hash (e.g. you are storing pointers with an identity hash function). See GrowthPolicy for details.