This module provides various memoizing collections and decorators, including variants of the Python 3 Standard Library @lru_cache function decorator. For the purpose of this module, a cache is a mutable mapping of a fixed maximum size. When the cache is full, i.e. by adding another item the cache would exceed its maximum size, the cache must choose which item(s) to discard based on a suitable cache algorithm. In general, a cache's size is the total size of its items, and an item's size is a property or function of its value, e.g. the result of sys.getsizeof(value). For the trivial but common case that each item counts as 1, a cache's size is equal to the number of its items, or len(cache).