Xen - Open Source Virtualization
The Xen hypervisor is a layer of software running directly on computer hardware replacing the operating system thereby allowing the computer hardware to run multiple guest operating systems concurrently. It suppors x86, x86-64, Itanium, Power PC, and ARM processors allow the Xen hypervisor to run on a wide variety of computing devices.
With Xen virtualization, a thin software layer known as the Xen hypervisor is inserted between the server's hardware and the operating system. This provides an abstraction layer that allows each physical server to run one or more "virtual servers", effectively decoupling the operating system and its applications from the underlying physical server.
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Open vSwitch is well suited to function as a virtual switch in VM environments. In addition to exposing standard control and visibility interfaces to the virtual networking layer, it was designed to support distribution across multiple physical servers. Open vSwitch supports multiple Linux-based virtualization technologies including Xen/XenServer, KVM, and VirtualBox.
VirtualBox is a powerful x86 and AMD64/Intel64 virtualization product for enterprise as well as home use. VirtualBox runs on Windows, Linux, Macintosh, and Solaris hosts and supports a large number of guest operating systems. So, for example, you can run Windows and Linux on your Mac. VirtualBox is a so-called hosted hypervisor. It requires an existing operating system to be installed. It can thus run alongside existing applications on that host.
Libvirt is collection of software that provides a convenient way to manage virtual machines and other virtualization functionality, such as storage and network interface management. These software pieces include an API library, a daemon (libvirtd), and a command line utility (virsh). It provides a single way to manage multiple different virtualization providers/hypervisors like Xen, OpenVZ, VirualBox, Microsoft Hyper-V hypervisor, VMware.
Proxmox Virtual Environment is a powerful Open Source Server Virtualization Platform, based on KVM and OpenVZ. It gives you near-bare-metal performance and leading scalability for your workloads. You can virtualize even the most demanding application workloads. It supports 32 bit and 64 bit Windows and Linux servers.
OpenStack is a cloud operating system that controls large pools of compute, storage, and networking resources throughout a datacenter, all managed through a dashboard that gives administrators control while empowering their users to provision resources through a web interface.
Ganeti is a cluster virtual server management software tool built on top of existing virtualization technologies such as Xen or KVM and other Open Source software. It requires pre-installed virtualization software on your servers in order to function. Once installed, the tool will take over the management part of the virtual instances (Xen DomU), e.g. disk creation management, operating system installation for these instances and startup, shutdown, failover between physical systems.
The FOSS-Cloud is a Software, which enables you, to build your own Private or your Public-Cloud. The FOSS-Cloud environment (software and hardware) is an integrated and redundant server infrastructure to provide cloud-Services, Windows or Linux based SaaS, Terminal Server, Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) or virtual server-environmens. It makes virtual machines available, which can be accessed from internally as well as from the Internet.
Zentyal is a Linux Small Business Server, good alternative Windows Business Server. Zentyal can act as a Gateway, Infrastructure Manager, Unified Threat Manager, Office Server, Unified Communication Server or a combination of them. It is built on Ubuntu Linux distribution. This package includes LDAP server, Mail server, Firewall, Network infrastructure, VPN support, Web server, File server, Print server, FTP server, Groupware, VoIP server, Virtual Machines management and lot more.
nginx [engine x] is an HTTP and reverse proxy server, as well as a mail proxy server, written by Igor Sysoev. It supports accelerated reverse proxying with caching, simple load balancing and fault tolerance, SSL and TLS SNI support, Name-based and IP-based virtual servers and lot more.